Nobody wants to inhale a substance that they don’t know the exact components of, which is why vaping is a simpler and far safer alternative to tobacco smoking, which has hundreds of chemicals you’ve probably never even heard of. The simplicity of e juice is both a benefit and a hindrance.
Made up of four ingredients, Propylene Glycol, Vegetable Glycerine, Food flavourings and Nicotine, vape juice can be manufactured very easily. This means that there is high quality and innovative flavours as well as companies that take advantage and make very low quality vape juices. Although Noble Vaping hand picks only the best flavours out there, it’s still a good idea to know a little bit about what actually goes into e liquids.
A mostly organic compound, propylene glycol is a colourless chemical which is easy to mix with water. This is why it works so well as an ejuice compound, which when ingested gives off water vapour as opposed to tobacco smoke. Although an alcoholic compound, Propylene Glycol doesn’t have the effects of what we would usually drink at a pub but instead contains two alcoholic groups which make it soluble within water and contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. As one of the ingredients in ejuice, propylene glycol is both odourless and tasteless which makes it perfect to mix with food flavourings. Other uses of Propylene Glycol include its application in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, food and chemical industries as well as being one of the ingredients that create the fog from smoke machines. A benefit of its wide usage is that much has been tried and tested when it comes to the chemicals safety.
Similar in makeup to Propylene Glycol, Vegetable glycerine is clear, colourless and soluble in water making it another handy ingredient for ejuices. Vegetable Glycerine is also used as a carrier base for the food flavourings and nicotine when mixed with the heat from the atomizer coil inside vaping devices. Sharing even more similarities with propylene Glycol, Vegetable Glycerine is also classed as an alcohol, made up of three different alcohol groups instead of one which helps better its solubility in water. What’s more, Vegetable Glycerine can be synthesised artificially as well as extracted from plants, making it even easier to cultivate, absolutely nod ifference being found within the two methods of production. The chemical is also widely used in food sweetener, cough mixtures and also treats gum disease in medications.
In general food flavourings are sued to improve and modify taste in food sources. The different types include Natural flavouring substances, taken from plant, animal and raw materials which are processed for human consumption. There are also Nature identical flavouring substances which are artificially produced yet chemically identical to its natural counterpart. Artificial Flavouring substances are the third type, these are in fact chemically different to the other two types but still have the same taste look and smell. Due to the strictly regimented industry laws, it is believed that artificially created food flavourings are safer to use than its natural counterparts, which run the risk of containing impurities. The food flavourings in e liquids are of course, the basis from which the wide range of flavours are derived upon, acting as basis for countless flavourings which can be made up of up to 200 different chemicals.
As the active ingredient in eliquids, Nicotine is also a colourless liquid which is diluted in the propylene glycol, often down to around 7.2% and when included within the eliquid itself makes up around 2.4% of its makeup, making it almost harmless. Absorbed through the skin, mouth and nose, Nicotine releases adrenaline into the bloodstream, hence the addictive qualities due to the activation of the dopamine glands within the body, controlling the brains pleasure centre. Although Nicotine can be taken from tobacco products in a natural process, it is far more cost effective to manufacture it synthetically.